With regard to the specifics of penalty shoot-outs, these are as follows:
1. Can any member of the team take a penalty or is it only those who are on the pitch at the end of full time?
Answer: Only those players on the pitch at the end of full time.
2. Can any player go in goal even if they have not played in goal during the match?
Answer: Yes, as long as they were on the pitch at the final whistle.
3. How many penalties is the best of five kicks?
Answer: Teams take turns to kick from the penalty mark until each has taken five kicks. However, if one side has scored more successful kicks than the other could possibly reach with all of its remaining kicks, the shoot–out immediately ends regardless of the number of kicks remaining; this basis is called “best of five kicks”.If at the end of these five rounds of kicks the teams have scored an equal number of successful kicks, additional rounds of one kick each will be used until the tie is broken; this is known as sudden death. If the point is reached where each player on the pitch at full time has taken a kick and the tie has still not been decided, the sudden death process shall continue with each player on the pitch at full time taking a second kick in turn until the tie is decided.